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Psychoides verhuella
Hart's-tongue Smut Bruand, 1853
Tineidae: Teichobiinae
199 / 12.047
Photo © Stewart Wright

Similar Norfolk Species
Fern Smut
Psychoides filicivora
Wingspan: 9-12mm
Flight: June
Foodplant:   Fern - Hart's-tongue, Spleenwort, Rustyback
Nat Status: Local
Verification Grade:  Adult: 2
Norfolk Status
Mainly a westerly distribution in England and Wales, where it is local in damp, shady woodland.

Adult moths are day-flying and similar to the other fern feeding Psychoid, P. filicivora but show a violet tinge and lack the white tornal spot.

New for Norfolk in 2014 when several specimens where collected and bred from Phyllitis scolopendrium (Hart's-tongue Fern) in a Heacham garden. (P. Cobb, collected 10/04/14, emerged 13/05/14)

Leaf-mine: Mines the frond at first, then feeding in sporangia in the spring, Most common on Phyllitis (Hart's-tongue Fern)

Recorded in 9 (13%) of 69 10k Squares.
First Recorded in 2014.
Last Recorded in 2021.

Latest 5 Records
Date#VC10k Area
08/04/2021+28TF73 - Docking/Bircham
07/03/2020228TF81 - Castle Acre/Litcham
26/06/2019+27TG30 - Brundall/Cantley
15/06/2019128TF92 - Fakenham/Ryburgh
19/12/2018127TG20 - Norwich
Further info: Psychoides verhuella
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